How to prevent and escape fire
As the weather cools and the clocks are turned back, it’s a good time to assess your household’s plan for preventing or escaping a fire. After all, the months from November to March annually see the most U.S. home fires.
U.S. fire departments responded to a fire every 25 seconds last year. Fires caused more than $11 billion in damages and killed more than 3,200 civilians, according to the National Fire Prevention Association.
The fire triangle. These ingredients must be present for a fire to ignite or burn. Removing any of them will prevent or extinguish the fire.
• Oxygen:Basically, air. Consider how covering a jar candle with a lid extinguishes the flame by robbing it of oxygen.
• Fuel: The flammable elements that burn. They could be grease, wood, fabric, etc.
• Heat: Remove or cool the heat source, and the fire will stop. Water slows certain fires by cooling whatever object is burning.
Use a fire extinguisher if … The fire is confined to the object of origin, such as a frying pan or trash can and is not growing, the room is not filled with smoke or you need to move through or past a fire to escape from a room.
Exit immediately if … The fire is spreading, such as to the ceiling or kitchen cabinets, smoke fills the room, the extinguisher runs out or firefighters arrive.
PASS Remember this acronym if you need to attack a fire with an extinguisher: Pull: out the pin on the extinguisher. Aim: above the base of the fire. Squeeze: the trigger. Sweep: from side to side, from the top of the flame down to the fire’s base.