Biscuits rise in esteem: Diners can’t seem to get enough
There’s a Southern influence that lately has wended its way through Los Angeles restaurants, and its emblem is the biscuit. Tender, flaky, golden biscuits have risen on menus from Manhattan Beach to Melrose Avenue. Buttermilk biscuits, oat biscuits, cheesy biscuits, biscuits made with lard rendered from the fat of Mangalitsa pigs.
Govind Armstrong shows his Georgia Low Country roots at Willie Jane in Venice, Calif., where diners have been known to dunk the buttermilk biscuits into the broth of Prince Edward Island mussels with tasso ham and preserved lemon butter. The most popular dish at the Hart & the Hunter in the Palihotel in Los Angeles — besides maybe the plate of fried chicken skin that comes with hot pepper vinegar — is the tender, buttery biscuits. (And like some Southern grandma not willing to reveal her biscuit secrets, Brian Dunsmoor and Kris Tominaga won’t give out the recipe.)
David LeFevre’s kitchen at Manhattan Beach Post turns out 200 bacon cheddar buttermilk biscuits a day, sometimes double that on the weekends. “I’ve never experienced the kind of reaction that we’ve gotten to biscuits,” he says. “We make them throughout the day, and everybody, including the dishwashers, knows how to bake them, they’re that integral.” (Still, he refused to share his recipe, too.)
At its most basic, a biscuit is flour, water and leavening, and anything else — liquids such as buttermilk or cream and fats such as butter, lard or shortening — are additions. Distinctly American, biscuits are closely associated with the South because of the history of the region’s flour.
Los Angeles chefs can’t seem to do biscuits without buttermilk. Armstrong says he has several biscuit recipes, but they’re all buttermilk biscuits. “Always buttermilk. It adds tanginess, and really good buttermilk has those little tiny globules of fat.”
The acid in buttermilk activates the leavening power of baking soda, notes Cooks County, Calif., pastry chef Roxana Jullapat, who has for several years tweaked the recipe she originally took from a can of baking powder. “They get really good height and are moist in the middle without being underbaked” because the buttermilk also creates steam as the biscuits bake.
And then there’s the great fat debate: butter or shortening or lard? As soon as Southern-trained and schmaltz-obsessed Jessica Koslow, the proprietor of Sqirl cafe in L.A.’s Silver Lake, got her hands on half a Mangalitsa pig from farmer Oliver Woolley, she rendered her own lard. And when you have lard, you bake pie crusts and biscuits, says Koslow, who has worked at Bacchanalia and Abattoir in Atlanta, where making lard was part of the process of breaking down whole pigs.
Now Sqirl pastry chef Meadow Ramsey bakes dozens of lard biscuits every Saturday (the only day they’re available at the cafe), served with sausage gravy and an over-easy egg, sometimes a duck egg.
“I’ve been energized that people are allowing us to do these things,” Koslow says. “It’s an exciting time to be exploring food. If I get to make emu egg quiche and Mangalitsa lard for biscuits, then it just pushes us more.”
Betty Hallock is a staff writer for the Los Angeles Times.
Mangalitsa Lard Biscuits and Sausage Gravy
Adapted from Sqirl, which serves the biscuits and gravy with an over-easy egg.
Time: 1 hour, 10 minutes
For the biscuits:
5 1⁄2 cups flour
3 tablespoons baking powder
2 tablespoons sugar
1 teaspoon salt
12 ounces cold lard (Sqirl uses lard rendered from Mangalitsa pigs)
1 1⁄2 cups buttermilk, plus extra for the egg wash
2 eggs, divided
Cracked pepper and fleur de sel
For the sausage gravy:
1 pound breakfast or standard pork sausage, crumbled
1 shallot, small dice
2 cloves garlic, minced
1⁄2 teaspoon black pepper
Pinch of chile flake
1 teaspoon fresh thyme
1⁄4 cup flour
3 cups warm milk
Salt, to taste
To make the biscuits:
Heat the oven to 400 degrees.
In a mixing bowl, whisk together the flour, baking powder, sugar and salt. Using a pastry cutter or fork, cut in the lard until it is reduced to pea-sized pieces. Stir in the buttermilk and 1 egg just to form a dough.
Remove the dough to a well-floured surface, and pat to a thickness of about 1 inch. Cut out biscuits using a 2-inch round cutter and place on a parchment-lined baking sheet, spacing the biscuits about 1 1⁄2 inches apart. The recipe makes about 1 dozen biscuits. Beat the remaining egg with a few tablespoons of buttermilk to form the egg wash. Brush the biscuits with the egg wash, and sprinkle over the cracked pepper and fleur de sel.
Bake the biscuits until puffed and golden, for 12 to 17 minutes, rotating the tray halfway for even baking.
Makes 4 to 6 servings.
To make the sausage gravy:
In a dry skillet, cook the sausage over medium-high heat until the fat is rendered and the sausage is golden-brown, about 10 minutes. Add the shallot, garlic, black pepper, chile and thyme. Cook until the shallot is translucent and the herbs are aromatic, for 1 to 2 minutes.
Sprinkle the flour over and briefly cook, stirring to mix well, about 2 minutes. Slowly drizzle over the warm milk, whisking to mix well so lumps don’t form; the milk will begin to thicken quickly. Bring the mixture down to a simmer and continue to cook for 5 minutes. Taste and season as desired with salt before serving.
Buttermilk Biscuits and Burnt Orange Honey Butter
Adapted from Govind Armstrong of Willie Jane. Lavender honey is available at select gourmet markets.
Time: 1 hour, 20 minutes
For the biscuits:
4 cups (17 ounces) flour
3 tablespoons baking powder
1⁄2 teaspoon salt
1⁄4 cup sugar
1 cup (2 sticks) cold butter
2 cups buttermilk
Cream or melted butter, for brushing
Natural sugar, for sprinkling
For the butter:
1 orange, peeled and halved
1 cup orange juice
1 cup (2 sticks) butter, softened
1⁄4 cup lavender honey
To make the biscuits: Heat the oven to 425 degrees.
In a large bowl, whisk together the flour, baking powder, salt and sugar. Cube or grate the cold butter on top of the dry ingredients, and then cut it in using a pastry cutter or fork. Stir in the buttermilk, and gently work the mixture until combined to form the dough.
On a floured surface, flatten and fold the dough onto itself three times. Flatten the dough out to a thickness of approximately one-half inch. Using a 3-inch round cutter, cut the dough and place on a parchment-lined baking sheet. Brush the tops with cream or melted butter, and sprinkle a pinch of natural sugar over each.
Bake the biscuits until puffed and golden, for 15 to 20 minutes, rotating the tray halfway for even baking and coloring. Serve the biscuits warm.
Makes about 1 dozen biscuits
To make the butter: Place a heavy-bottomed saucepan over medium heat. Place the orange halves, cut-side down, in the pan and cook, turning once, until they have developed a deep caramelized color, for 10 minutes. Add the juice, stirring to lift any flavoring from the bottom of the pan. Cook until the juice is reduced to a syrup, about 15 minutes. Remove from heat and press the juice and orange halves through a fine mesh strainer, then cool the syrup to room temperature.
Place the butter in a food processor and, with the motor running, drizzle in the honey and syrup to combine (the butter, honey and syrup can also be whisked together in a large bowl). Serve alongside the warm biscuits.
This makes about 1 3⁄4 cups butter.